Adaptation Strategies of the Communities Surrounding Haramaya Lake towards Its Disappearance, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

Adaptation Strategies of the Communities Surrounding Haramaya Lake towards Its Disappearance, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

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Title: Adaptation Strategies of the Communities Surrounding Haramaya Lake towards Its Disappearance, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia
Author: Siraj Jewaro; Jema Haji
Abstract: Water is the source of life and development on earth. Life is tied to water, air and food, while food is tied to water. Water is a regional resource, but water scarcity is becoming a global issue due to increasing population, economic growth and climate change. The livelihoods of people living in or along the borders of lakes and rivers depend partially on ecosystem services. Haramaya Lake has been a source of drinking water, irrigation, recreation and a home for fishes. However both man-made and natural factors caused the Lake to vanish. This study was designed to assess the adaptation strategies mostly used by the farm households and factors affecting the choices of their adaptation strategies against the impacts of water shortage due to the dried Lake employing both descriptive statistics and econometric model. Data was collected from 120 farm households who were randomly selected from four kebeles surrounding the dried Lake during 2012 production season. The results show that 30.8% of the sample farm households didn’t use any adaptation strategies due to lack of knowledge, information, training, money and shortage of labor. The remaining 23.3%, 19.2%, 15% and 11.7% of the sample households use ground water, ground water and rain water harvesting, ground water, rain water harvesting and importing water from other places, and diversifying from farm to non farm income sources as the main strategies against the impact of the dried Lake respectively. The MNL model was fitted to twelve explanatory variables of which eleven were found to be statistically significant. Results indicate that variables like; age of household head, sex of household, education, distance of water source, farmer group membership, extension contact, membership in iddir, participation on natural resource conservation and different field day trainings, credit access, average size holding and family size affects households adaptation strategies significantly. Hovever,Livestock ownership was found to be insignificant with adaptation strategies of the farm households. This calls for differential intervention to increase the adaptation strategies of farm households in the study area in order to reduce the impacts of water shortage due to the dried Lake on their livelihood. Therefore, due attention has to be given to expansion of extension programs, improving farmers’ access to credit use and increasing household capacity through various training to cope to the shocks and impacts of water shortage. Thus, designing and implementing development interventions with respect to the above potential variables are crucial to enhance adaptation strategies of the farm households
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/720
Date: 2013-10


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