Adoption of Crossbred Dairy Cows in Arsi Zone: The Case of Tiyo and Lemu-Bilbilo Woredas

Adoption of Crossbred Dairy Cows in Arsi Zone: The Case of Tiyo and Lemu-Bilbilo Woredas

Show full item record

Title: Adoption of Crossbred Dairy Cows in Arsi Zone: The Case of Tiyo and Lemu-Bilbilo Woredas
Author: Biru, Haji
Abstract: Ethiopia has the largest number of livestock population in Africa. Contrarily, the productivity of the country’s livestock sub-sector is much below the productivity level realized in most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Poor genetic performance, feed shortage, and poor veterinary services have characterized the sector. These in turn have resulted in low productivity of the sub-sector. National research system and different international institutions have been trying to overcome these problems. Through their efforts, considerable number of technologies has been generated. However, the adoption of these technologies by small-scale farmers has been very limited. According to various theoretical and empirical studies, a wide range of economic, social and institutional factors influence adoption of agricultural technologies among farmers. At the same time, the relevance and significance of these factors differ over regions and localities. A better understanding of the role of factors affecting farmers’ decision on technology adoption would then help to design relevant policies and procedures that could fasten the development and diffusion of more appropriate technologies. With the purpose of contributing towards this end and lack of such study in the area, this investigation was undertaken in two selected woredas of Arsi zone of Oromiya National Regional State. It has examined the influence of different factors on farm households’ adoption decision of crossbred dairy cows and quantified the relative importance of those factors significantly associated with the adoption of the technology. In the process both secondary and primary data were used to meet the objectives of this study. Secondary data were obtained from various relevant documents, while primary data were collected from farm households. A two-stage xiii random sampling procedure was used to draw sample farm households. The selection of peasant associations using a simple random sampling method was followed by the selection of 120 farm households employing proportion to size random sampling procedure. The required data were collected through personal interviews, based on a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was used to examine and understand the socioeconomic situation of sample farmers. The survey result has revealed that 40% of the sample farmers adopted crossbred dairy cows during study year. T-test and Chi-square test were used to examine statistical differences between adopters and non-adopters for different continuous and dummy variables, respectively. Logistic regression model was estimated to identify factors affecting farm households’ adoption decision of crossbred dairy cows. Among twelve explanatory variables included in the estimated logistic model, ten of them were found to be significantly related to farm households’ adoption decision of the technology. The estimated model correctly predicted 87% of the sample farmers into adopters and non-adopters. Formal education, total local livestock holding, the distance between farmers’ residence and market, family size, total cultivated area, access to credit, access to artificial insemination, access to bull service, farmer’s leadership position in local farmers’ organization and extension contact were found to be significant variables in the adoption decision of crossbred dairy cows. The probability of adoption of crossbred dairy cows for an average farmer in the study area was estimated at the sample means of the continuous explanatory variables and at the most frequent values of the dummy variables in the model and was found to be 0.20. Sensitivity analysis has revealed that accesses to artificial insemination and bull services increase the probability of adoption of the technology by 0.72 and 0.65, respectively. Lack of access to credit and extension services decreases the probability of adoption of the technology by about 0.16 and 0.15, respectively. A decrease in market distance by 1km increases the probability by 0.05. The findings of the study imply that strengthening and expanding artificial insemination and bull services, strengthening extension service, provision of credit facility and the development of marketing infrastructure would significantly improve the adoption of crossbred dairy cows.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/497
Date: 2003-02


Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Haji Birru Agri Econ.pdf 553.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record