Dimensions and Determinants of Poverty in Agro-Pastoral Households of Kabribayah District, Fafan Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

Dimensions and Determinants of Poverty in Agro-Pastoral Households of Kabribayah District, Fafan Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.author Shugri, Farah Falug
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-22T08:25:59Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-22T08:25:59Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3274
dc.description 105p. en_US
dc.description.abstract Eradicating extreme hunger and poverty is one of the global pressing issues that stimulated global action exemplified by the first goal of the millennium development goals. In Ethiopia, different poverty reduction programs with their implementation strategies have been implemented to fight poverty but multidimensional poverty widely exists yet. Particularly the struggle to reduce poverty at household level in Somali Region agro-pastoral areas, which have been relegated in the waiting room of development by the successive governments, has continued as a challenge. Agro-pastoral households in Kabribayah District have faced multidimensional and persistent poverty. The design and implementation of effective measures to reduce household poverty in the district depends on an in-depth understanding of the dimensions, covariates and status of poverty. Therefore, this study was carried out in Kabribayah District of Somali Regional State with the objectives of estimating and examining the poverty status and its dimensions of the agro-pastoral households and identifying factors determining poverty, respectively. In order to achieve these objectives, cross-sectional data on demographic, socio-economic characteristics and institutional aspects were collected from 123 households drawn from three randomly selected sample kebeles through structured interview schedule and focus group discussion during July and August 2015. To analyze the data Descriptive statistics, FGT and Logit model were used. Consumption expenditure and CBN methods were used to measure poverty and construct poverty line, respectively. Accordingly, the food poverty line was 3117.64 Birr and the total poverty line was 5195.20 Birr per AE per year. The FGT poverty index was employed to examine the extent and severity of poverty. It revealed that nearly 52% of the sample households live below poverty line with poverty gap and poverty severity index of 0.1456 and 0.0462, respectively. Thirteen explanatory variables were included in the binary logit model to identify factors influencing household poverty status. Among the thirteen explanatory variables included in the model, number of livestock excluding oxen (TLU/AE), oxen ownership, sex, farm size, farm income, non-farm income, expenditure on improved seed, and expenditure on veterinary service showed a statistically significant and negative effect on poverty. Family size (in AE), distance to market and dependency ratio have a positive and significant effect on poverty. The empirical findings suggest that special attention should be given to improving livestock market, institutional services and gender equality. Interventions like capacity building, agricultural research, agricultural marketing as well as infrastructures that enhance nonfarm activities in sustainable manner need to be designed to reduce poverty prevalence in the study area. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Haramaya University, Haramaya en_US
dc.subject Agro-pastoral, Poverty, FGT, Logit, Kabribayah en_US
dc.title Dimensions and Determinants of Poverty in Agro-Pastoral Households of Kabribayah District, Fafan Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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