A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994

A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994

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Title: A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994A Historical Survey of The Issã-Afar Conflict from 1936 to 1994
Author: Biniyam, Aklilu; D/r Gutema, Imana
Abstract: Historical studies of Ethiopia for various reasons until recently focused on events at or near the center of political power and devote far too little attention to the history of peoples of peripheries. These neglected peoples include the Ethiopian Issã Somali and Afar pastoralists. As a result a history of the relation between Issã Somali and Afar got little or no attention in historical studies. Therefore, this thesis attempts to fill the gap by dealing with the historical survey of Issã and Afar conflict from 1936 to 1994. This reaserch discovered that there was no one single source of conflict for the long- running Issã-Afar disputes. Instead many factors intertwine and overlap in the perpetuation of the conflict. Competition over the scarce resources (competition over grazing land and water resources), culturally related factors such as animal raiding, economic and political marginalization of Issã and Afar by the successive governments, administrative penetration and expropriation of pastoralists and their resource for huge non-pastoralist system like state development activities such as commercial farm and wildlife parks as well as sanctuaries were causes of the Issã-Afar conflict. Howevere a resource use conflict and the unceasing westward movement of the Issã into the Afar areas were the main causes of their age old conflict. The Issã continousely occupy the territory of the Afar and claim it as theirs. Besides, findings of the study also indicate that the Italian occupation of Ethiopia and the independence of Somalia republic had a significant influence over the escalation and intensification of Issã-Afar conflict. It also showed all resolution efforts undertaken by the successive Ethiopia régimes concerning Issã-Afar conflict had been fruitless since the time of the imperial rule. This was mainly due to the fact that the successive governments of Ethiopia starting from Imperial up to EPRDF intervened in the Issã-afar conflict not to bring lasting and amicable solution but for short-term political gains of their own.Indeed, this study further emphasized and analysed the impact of the conflict on both societies. In general, the thesis has its own contribution in increasing the understanding of a history of Issã-Afar conflict.
Description: 99p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3087
Date: 2016-05


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