Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies of Agro-pastoral Households in Babile District of Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies of Agro-pastoral Households in Babile District of Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

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Title: Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies of Agro-pastoral Households in Babile District of Somali Regional State, Ethiopia
Author: Abdirahman, Ahmed Hussein; D/r Jema, Haji
Abstract: An understanding of the major causes of food insecurity is important for interventions aiming at reducing it. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure food insecurity status of agro-pastoral households’, to identify determinants of food insecurity status of agro-pastoral households, and to identify agro-pastoral households coping strategies against food insecurity in study area. The analysis was based on household survey data gathered from122 randomly selected households in four Kebeles based on probability proportional to size. Descriptive statistics, like mean, standard deviation, maximum, minimum and percentage distribution. Univariate analysis such as t-test and Chi-square (X2) test and binary Logit regression were used to achieve the stated objectives. The results from descriptive statistics show that of the total surveyed households, 56.5 percent were food insecure. The binary logit model outputs show that seven variables were significant determinants of household food insecurity. These were distance to nearest market centre, dependency ratio, cultivated land, livestock ownership, oxen ownership, remittance and off-farm income. Furthermore, results show that households also used different coping strategies against food insecurity and these include, borrowing food or cash from relatives or neighbour’s’, reduced number of meals, reduced meal size, sale of more livestock than usual and sale fire wood and charcoal. The results generally suggest the need to improve agricultural technologies enhancing land productivity and training of farmers on land management. Special attention should also be given to improving animal health services through provision of veterinary services and provision of training to livestock herders. Promoting off-farm activities and further enhancing use of technologies can be materialized through provision of rural financial services that can help agro-pastoralists in solving capital problem to buy farm oxen, farm input and use for trade.
Description: 91p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2963
Date: 2015-06


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