Adoption and Intensity of Use of Coffee Technology Package in Yergacheffe District, Gedeo Zone, Snnp Regional State, Ethiopia

Adoption and Intensity of Use of Coffee Technology Package in Yergacheffe District, Gedeo Zone, Snnp Regional State, Ethiopia

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Title: Adoption and Intensity of Use of Coffee Technology Package in Yergacheffe District, Gedeo Zone, Snnp Regional State, Ethiopia
Author: Aberham Kebedom; Ranjan S. Karippai
Abstract: Arabica coffee (Coffee arabica L.) is an economically important crop, which is contributing the highest of all export revenues in Ethiopia. It is also the major cash crop of Gedeo Zone and produced in all the six woredas. In this area production and productivity of coffee is poor due to traditional poor pre and post harvest practices. Efforts were made so far in areas of fermentation time, drying depth, time of storage and extension support, training for coffee expertise and coffee farmers on recommended technologies. Therefore, this study was conducted with the objectives of analyzing adoption and intensity of use of coffee technology package in study area; and investigating demographic, socio-economic and institutional factors related to coffee technology package and problems in the area. For this study, a multi stage sampling procedure was employed to select kebeles and sample respondents. In the first stage, one district was selected purposively from 6 districts based on their potential production and productivity of coffee and four kebeles were selected randomly. Following that 160 household heads were selected using systematic random sampling procedure with sample size allocation procedures of probability proportional to size method. Structured interview schedule was prepared and administered on the sample. In addition, focus group discussion was conducted and secondary data sources were consulted for related information. Data were analyzed, and presented quantitatively using different statistical methods such as percentage, mean, frequency, Chi-square (categorical variables ) and (F-test for continuous variables), F-test and Chi-square test were employed to test the variation of the sample respondents they have towards adoption and intensity of coffee technology package and also used to describe the patterns of the sample data. The data collected from the field survey were analyzed by employing the statistical procedures of STATA version 10.0. The results of the econometric model indicated that respondent’s level of education, social participation, access to credit, labor availability, farm size and achievement motivation were important variables which had positively and significantly influenced adoption and intensity of use of coffee technology package. On the other hand, market distance had shown negative and significantly affected adoption and intensity of use of coffee technology package. Therefore, the overall finding of the study underlined the high importance of economical and institutional support, social participation and distance of market to enhance adoption and intensity of use of coffee technology package. Therefore, policy and development interventions should give emphasis to improvement of such economical and institutional support system so as to achieve wider adoption, increased productivity and income to small scale farmers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/22
Date: 2012-06


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